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The rice plant has fast-growing stems that grow in pace with the rising water, up to a maximum of 4 m. Much of the nutrition for deep-water rice is provided by the silt deposits borne by the flood water. Trop. Gramineae, E. Launert. (eds.) A manual of the grasses of New Guinea: 1-215. MOLECULAR GENETICS OF SALINITY TOLERANCE IN RICE (ORYZA SATIVA L.)A Dissertation Submitted to the Graduate Faculty of the Louisiana State University and (ed.) Fedorov, A.A. Yemen, The earliest records of domesticated rice are probably those from the Lower Yangtze river valley of southern China, dating from about 6000 BC. Catรกlogo de las Gramรญneas de Mรฉxico: 1-671. In dry or upland cultivation, rice is grown on hillsides as a rain-fed crop, similar to other cereals. The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras. Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. Cope, T.A., Knees, S.G. & Miller, A.G. (2007). & Raven, P.H. It’s also a chelating agent. Oryza sativa Japonica (rice) is the staple food for 2.5 billion people. Colombia, & Mosnier, M. (1972). Tennessee, (eds.) In some parts of the world, the husks and grains of rice are used for bedding, fuels and building board. Rice can accumulate arsenic if this is present in high levels in irrigation water. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice. The history of rice domestication is not fully understood. Windward Is., Mali, National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundรฉ. References for this information: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition, November 2017, pages 3,771-3,780 Food and Function, March 2017, pages 935-943 Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, March 2011, pages 2,269-2,277 International Journal of Toxicology, Volume 25, 2006 Supplement 2, pages 91-120. Nicaragua, Fundaciรณn Instituto Botรกnico de Venezuela. Mexico Southwest, Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. Many of the beneficial compounds present in brown rice are absent from highly-refined white rice. Thomas Kluyver (talk) 15:37, 23 October 2009 (UTC) Support For most other organisms that have an article about them, the common name … She is known worldwide as The Cosmetics Cop and creator of Paula’s Choice Skincare. Oryza sativa L. Rice is the most widely grown tropical cereal, and over 400 million tonnes of milled rice is produced each year. cultivated rice. Oryza sativa L., ssp. South Carolina, Bases Documentales para la Flora de Guinea Ecuatorial; Plantas vascularis y hongos: 1-414. Pandey, R.P. Hainan, Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181. Nansei-shoto, Ndabaneze, P. (1989). Davis, P.H. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad. Deep-water rice is grown in water 50 cm or more deep, and is important in Bangladesh and other areas with deeply flooded river valleys. Oryza sativa (rice) bran extract is a plant ingredient used in cosmetics to condition and soften skin. Gramiรฉes des pasturages et des cultures a Madagascar: 1-440. & al. (eds.) One of the world's most important staple crops and a major part in the diet of more than half the world's population, rice also has many medicinal uses. Archaeological and historical evidence suggests that rice spread slower than most crops, in part owing to its specialised need for abundant water. Flora of Bhutan 3(2): 457-883. Haiti, 1971, Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Sativa (ending in -a) is the feminine form of the adjective, but masculine (-us) and neuter (-um) endings are also used to agree with the gender of the nouns they modify. (2017), pp. Rwanda, (1991). (2014). Equatorial Guinea, Oryza sativa translation in English-French dictionary. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotรก. (2009). Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Rice (Oryza sativa L. ‘Zhunliangyou 608’) seeds were sterilized with 30% H 2 O 2 for 15 min and subsequently rinsed with deionized water at least three times. The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Dictionary entry overview: What does Oryza sativa mean? 1983. Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. Venezuela, Greece, The oil is used in sun-care products to absorb UV-rays, as well as in conditioners for hair-care and in shower and shampoo products. (eds.) (1985). Botany 4: 325-411. & Gupta, B.K. Rice bran and other parts of the rice plant have been assessed for safety and deemed safe as used in cosmetics. Nepal, ยฉ Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. 1-6 Article Download PDF CrossRef View Record in Scopus Google Scholar Digital Image ยฉ Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/, Kew Backbone Distributions (1984). Fedtschenko, B.A. Flora und Fauna der Comoren: 428-480. Togo, oryza sativa (ō-rÄ«z′ă să-tÄ«v′ă) [L. oryza sativa, sown rice] The scientific name for rice, a cereal grain in the grass family consumed as a staple source of carbohydrates. Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. Guatemala, Espermatofitas: 1-1576. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0, Kew Science Photographs The rice is made into a paste or moulded into balls and these can be applied to boils, sores, swellings and skin blemishes. France, Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. (ed.) unpublished. Flora du Rwanda 4: I-X, 1-651. Launert, E. (1971). >>, The Ultimate Guide to pH and Your Skin >>. India is one of the main rice bran processors. It is renowned for being easy to genetically modify, and is … (1980). A key to Pacific Grasses: 1-107. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Turkmenistan, Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Hungary, Masamune, G. (1942). http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0, © Copyright Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, IPNI - The International Plant Names Index. (2008). (1997). Flore Gรฉnรฉrale de l'indo-Chine 1(3): 193-336. However, few studies and little detailed and accurate information of root characteristics were reported in fine-rooted plants like rice (Oryza sativa L.). Qinghai, (2000). & van der Maesen, L.J.G. Cope, T.A. Rice starch can be mixed with honey to nourish the skin and can be used in cosmetics to reduce facial 'shine'. There are many cultivar groups of Oryza sativa of which the two most important are O. sativa 'Indica' and O. sativa 'Japonica'. Another species, O. glaberrima , is cultivated on a much smaller scale in Africa. Algeria, Lista de Espรฉcies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/. The resulting grains are usually eaten as white, polished rice from which the bran has been removed. The vitamin E group of compounds in rice have antioxidant properties, and these compounds could explain some of the traditional medicinal uses of rice, particularly to treat cancer. (1985). New South Wales, Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Troupin, G. Albania, Oryza sativa f A taxonomic species within the genus Oryza — Asian rice or rice, widely cultivated, probably domesticated in China from Oryza rufipogon some 10,000 years ago. While Oryza glaberrima is also technically rice, O. sativa is the plant we mean when we casually say rice, and is vastly more significant. In the Tropical Nursery at Kew, the seed is sown onto a mix of loam, coir and Silvafibre and covered with vermiculite. Flora Zambesiaca 10:1. ร‰ditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genรจve. (1969). More rarely it has been used for rope and thatch. Angiosperms of the islands of the gulf of Guinea (Fernando Po, Prรญncipe, S.Tomรฉ, and Annobon) Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Oryza sativa. Gilliland, H.B. Flora of Egypt 4: 1-617. Jรธrgensen, P.M. & Leรณn-Yรกnez, S. Not only is rice used in a variety of ways as a foodstuff, but it is also an ingredient in medicines and cosmetics, and has a role in crafts and religious ceremonies. Rice can be charred as filtration material or for charcoal briquettes. Cuba, elongata Desv. & Snow, N. (2010). The importance of rice has been recognised for many centuries - in India it was once known as 'dhanya' meaning 'the sustainer of the human race'. Aedo, C., Tellerรญa, M.T. (1999). & Boudet, G. (1991). Mauritania, Forzza, R.C. Featured: Lysimachia arvensis Senegal, It is renowned for being easy to genetically modify, and is … Cultivated rice, Oryza sativa L., represents the world's most important staple food crop, feeding more than half of the human population. Zaรฏre, Art and Illustrations in Digifolia Extracts containing rice protein are added to hair products to give a feeling of volume and thickness to the hair. Brazil North, Flore Analytique du Togo Phanรฉrogames: 1-751. Catรกlogo de plantas y lรญquenes de Colombia. Bolivia, The grain is the most economically important part of the rice plant, and its endosperm is the final product consumed. It includes the major food crop rice (species Oryza sativa and Oryza glaberrima). Noun. Sri Lanka, Naturhistorisches Museums Wien. Nelson Sutherland, C.H. Wilson, A. If weed competitive ability of … A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, Broekfield. (2006). Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. Med-Checklist Notulae, 30 Willdenowia 41: 311-328. Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. The Sahara was formerly wetter, with massive paleolakes in … Yugoslavia, Davidse, G. & al. It is also used in horticulture as a mushroom growing medium, organic manure and a mulch. Oryza sativa contains two major subspecies: the sticky, short-grained japonica or sinica variety, and the nonsticky, long-grained indica rice [ja] variety. Edinburgh University Press. Panamรก, rice - annual or perennial rhizomatous marsh grasses; seed used for food; straw used for paper. Bor, N.L. Texas, California, Central African Repu, & Diniz, M.A. Portรจres in J. Agric. Quantitative study of root morphological characteristics of plants is helpful for understanding the relationships between their morphology and function. Portugal, Sosudistye rasteniia sovetskogo Dalย’nego Vostoka 1: 1-383. Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal: i-x, 1-430. Padi (bahasa latin: Oryza sativa L.) merupakan salah satu tanaman budidaya terpenting dalam peradaban.Meskipun terutama mengacu pada jenis tanaman budidaya, padi juga digunakan untuk mengacu pada beberapa jenis dari marga (genus) yang sama, yang biasa disebut sebagai padi liar.Padi diduga berasal dari India atau Indocina dan masuk ke Indonesia dibawa oleh nenek moyang yang … Mozambique, (1999). Lee, W.T. New Guinea, Lineamenta Florae Koreae: 1-1688. Santa Cruz Is., Brazil Southeast, Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. Germination then takes about a week, after which the plants can be thinned out if necessary. japonica cv. The importance of rice has been recognised for many centuries - in India it was once known as 'dhanya' meaning 'the sustainer of the human race'. Uzbekistan, Source: James A. Duke. (ed.) Peru, Dry cultivation is mainly important in South America and Africa. (eds.) The young plants can be fast-growing and benefit from large amounts of fertiliser. Bangladesh, An abundance of phenotypic variation was present in the three stigma characteristics of these. A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. El Salvador, Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. Oryza sativa, commonly known as Asian rice, is the plant species most commonly referred to in English as rice. 'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Institut d' Elevage et de Mรฉdecine Vรฉtรฉrinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort. Georgia, Queensland, Missouri, Your browser's Javascript functionality is turned off. Lebrun, J.P. (1973). The pots are placed in water that is 10-25 cm deep, and the water is kept at 22ยฐC. Rice is most often consumed as whole grains, boiled or steamed in water. Lebrun, J.P., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. 'Wild rice' is produced from an entirely different species of grass, Zizania palustris , and is harvested from wild plants in North America. Jones, M. (1991). What is Dehydrated Skin & How to Choose the Best Products >>, CBD Oil's Benefits for Skin: Can it Help With Acne, Anti-Aging, & Other Skin Issues? Xinjiang, rice. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system. Onana, J.M. East Himalaya, Dominican Republic, Seeds: The seeds (or grain) grow on branch-like spikes which arch over. A Handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Dassanayake (ed.) Flora of West Tropical Africa Turkey, LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta. Ecuador, Korea, Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis. Grasses of Mauritius and Rodriguez: 1-128. CSIC, real jardรญn Botรกnico, Madrid. Vietnam, Please turn it on so that you can experience the full capabilities of this site. Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. & Novikov, V.S. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co, China North-Central, West Himalaya, (2008). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 5(1): 1-387. Michael Jones, The Gambia College. Lisowski, S. (2009). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Morocco, & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Inner Mongolia, Rice extracts, such as starch and oil, are used in a range of cosmetic and hygiene products. Members of the genus grow as tall, wetland grasses, growing to 1–2 m tall; the genus includes both annual and perennial species. Oryza sativa (rice) bran extract is a plant ingredient used in cosmetics to condition and soften skin. The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Brazil West-Central, Stem and leaves: The stem is upright and composed of a series of joint-like nodes, with a leaf growing from each node. 2015. Mexico Southeast, Pressed and dried specimens of rice are held in Kew's Herbarium, where they are available to researchers by appointment. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0, GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora Mexico Gulf, Camus, E.G. It’s a by-product from milling of rice, but don’t take that to mean it’s a throwaway ingredient: rice bran is a rich source of over 100 antioxidant compounds, including vitamin E, ferulic acid, and oryzanol. Primorye, (eds.). Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. To further facilitate genomic-enabled research, we have updated and validated the genome assembly and sequence for the Nipponbare cultivar of Oryza sativa (japonica group). Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh. A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 8: 1-458. The Millennium Seed Bank Partnership aims to save plant life worldwide, focusing on plants under threat and those of most use in the future. The oil from rice bran contains vitamin E and minerals. (1940). Catรกlogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Whole 'brown' rice is mainly popular as a 'health food' in western countries. Mass spectrometry-based metabolomics investigation on two different indica rice grains (Oryza sativa L.) under cadmium stress Author links open overlay panel Ting Zeng a c Baohua Fang b Fenglin Huang b Li Dai b Zhi Tang d Jinglin Tian a c Guodong Cao c Xuanlin Meng c Yuanchen Liu c Bo Lei a Minghua Lu e Zongwei Cai c Overview: A grass which can grow to over 1 m tall, or to 5 m long in deep water. Meikle, R.D. Plantas Vasculares e Briรณfitos da Guinรฉ-Bissau: 1-298. In wet or lowland systems, most important in Asia, rice is grown on irrigated or flooded paddies. Oryza sativa var. ORSTOM, Paris. Pakistan, The Bentham-Moxon Trust Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Flora of Cyprus 2: 833-1970. About three weeks to a month after germination, the young plants are planted into their final large display pots in loam. Institut d' Elevage et de Mรฉdecine Vรฉtรฉrinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort. & Williamson, H. (2006). Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ Flora Zambesiaca 10(1): 1-152. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Oryza sativa is the cereal with the smallest genome, consisting of just 430Mb across 12 chromosomes. Kazakhstan, Trinidad-Tobago, & Velayos, M. Jamaica, Spain, Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh. Koyama, T. (1987). Akรฉ Assi, L. (2002). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286. C.S., Kim, H. ( 2006 onwards ) a mix of loam, coir and Silvafibre covered. Three stigma characteristics of these for rope and thatch was formerly wetter, with a leaf from... Sativa translation, English dictionary definition of oryza sativa, commonly known Asian... Pots are placed in a wide variety of open habitats Tripura district, Tripura India... Its cultivation from which the two most important are O. sativa 'Indica ' O.... 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Regions according to their climate and geography remove the inedible hull de-husked to remove inedible. 12 chromosomes a staple food of 50 percent of world 's population Familiarity:. In irrigation water C. & Marchesi, E grass flora of Ceylon 8: 1-458 properties. Lower Yangtze river valley of southern China, dating from about 6000.... H. ( 2006 onwards ) those from the Lower Yangtze river valley of southern China, from! Flora vascular de Venezuela: 1-859 bran contains vitamin E and minerals Nacional Autรณnoma de Mรฉxico, Mรฉxico D.F... International plant Names Index and world Checklist of the vascular plants of Nepal: i-x, 1-430 medicines are from..., O. glaberrima, is the most economically important part of the compounds! O., Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. ( 2010 ) most important O.... World Checklist of Selected plant Families 2020 1972, Bernal, R.,... Upland cultivation, rice is boiled, drained, allowed to cool and then mashed lebrun, J.P. Toutain. 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