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Despite the controversy, the New Zealand Rugby Union decided to proceed with the tour. [29], Some of the protest had the dual purpose of linking racial discrimination against Māori in New Zealand to apartheid in South Africa. Select itinerary of the 1981 tour by the Springbok rugby team. [5] The tour still happened, and in 1969 Halt All Racist Tours (HART) was formed.[6]. - 1981 Anti-Springbok Tour Protest Common sign found in South Africa. [26] Spectators were kept in the ground until the protesters dispersed. Apartheid One of the main reasons which lead to the 1981 Springbok Tour was the Apartheid in South Africa. Despite pressure for the Muldoon government to cancel the tour, permission was granted, and the Springboks arrived in New Zealand on 19 July 1981. Read more... Up to 2000 anti-Springbok tour protesters were confronted by police who used batons to stop them marching up Molesworth St to the home of South Africa's Consul to New Zealand Read more... Anti-tour demonstrators invaded Hamilton’s Rugby Park, forcing the abandonment of the Springboks–Waikato match. The 1981 Springbok Tour provoked sporting and political civil war in New Zealand. Not only did the Tour Protests bring about an end to apartheid in South Africa, but it created an increase awareness of racism in New Zealand society. Meet the NZHistory.net.nz team, Police baton anti-tour protesters outside Parliament, Anti-Springbok protesters block Hamilton match, Labour government cancels Springbok rugby tour, Springboks play New Zealand Māori for first time, This programme provided a schedule of protest activities for July 1981, 1956 rugby ball and John Minto helmet from Te Papa, South Africa vs Wanganui King Country programme, Sir Bernard Freyberg speaking on Empire Day, Barricade at Invercargill, 1981 Springbok Tour, School children protesting, 1981 Springbok tour, Anti-Springbok tour protestors at Palmerston North, 1981, Film: opposing views - 1981 Springbok tour, Policing the 1981 Springbok tour, cartoon, Opinion around New Zealand on the 1981 Springbok tour, Film: police and the first test - 1981 Springbok tour, Film: Gisborne game, 1981 Springbok tour, Film: clash on Molesworth St - 1981 Springbok tour, Film: the third test - 1981 Springbok tour, Film: game cancelled in Hamilton, 1981 Springbok tour. [citation needed] They were quickly removed and forcibly ejected from the stadium by security staff and spectators. [citation needed] As protection for the Springboks, the police created two special riot squads, the Red and Blue Squads. The first Springbok overseas tour was arranged in 1906–07 to Europe. Discover the reasons behind this civil disobedience, as well as the demonstrations, police actions and the politics of playing sports. This is where the protest against the tour began. While the Springbok team did play in Lansdowne Road in January 1970, the game occurred behind barbed wire fencing and in front of a small attendance. Since rugby went professional in 1995 countries like Australia, England and France have challenged New Zealand and South Africa's claims to be the two powerhouses of world. On September 12th 1980, the Chairman of the New Zealand Rugby Football Union (N.Z.R.F.U) Ron Don, formally invited the South African rugby team to come tour in New Zealand. [27] "Patches" of criminal gangs, such as traditional rivals Black Power and the Mongrel Mob, were also evident[citation needed] (The Black Power were Muldoon supporters[28]). Apartheid. Twenty years on EUGENE BINGHAM investigates the bashing of three protesting clowns and why police closed ranks over the incident. Something similar was happening exactly thirty years ago this month, when South Africa’s Springboks accepted an invitation from the New Zealand Rugby Football Union (NZRFU) to tour this country. was shown of the Clowns Incident, where police were shown beating unarmed clowns with batons. Yet 25 years later, the 1981 Springbok tour became one of the most divisive events in New Zealand history. Things came to a head in 1981, with New Zealanders fiercely divided over whether the Springbok tour … The unity in the campaign against the Springbok tour opened up the possibility of a stronger campaign against the entrenched racism in Australia itself. The anti-apartheid movement in South Africa was buoyed by the events of the Springbok Tour in New Zealand. Bill English has been asked that. The South African Springboks and the All Blackrugby teams had toured New Zealand and South Africa before 1981. [15], To begin with the anti-tour movement was committed to non-violent civil disobedience, demonstrations and direct action. This was successful at two games, but also had the effect of creating a law and order issue: whether a group of protesters could be allowed to prevent a lawful game taking place. The dispute was similar to that involving Peter Hain in the United Kingdom in the early 1970s, when Hain's Stop the Tour campaign clashed with the more conservative 'Freedom Under Law' movement championed by barrister Francis Bennion. After the tour many New Zealanders became aware of the problem of racism and have tried (somewhat successfully) to improve things. Footage[according to whom?] RAY HARPER was a rugby administrator and national councillor on the New Zealand Rugby Union during the 1981 Springbok tour. 1971 South Africa rugby union tour of Australia, History of South Africa in the apartheid era, "Rugby in the national spotlight: The 1981 USA tour of the Springboks", "All eyes were on Albany and Apartheid in 1981", "When talk of racism is just not cricket", "Politics and sport – 1981 Springbok tour", "Battle lines are drawn – 1981 Springbok tour | NZHistory.net.nz, New Zealand history online", "Protest! Springbok Tour 1981 Protests against the South African rugby team touring New Zealand divided the country in 1981. It showed many South Africans that they had no option other to adapt to racial equality. A wide range of social, political and economic consequences have come about as a result of the 1981 Springbok Tour of New Zealand. In Hamilton the protesters occupying the pitch had chanted 'The whole world is watching'. It affected the political party ideas, with Labour banning trade with South Africa. The green and gold machine had never been defeated in a test series anywhere in the world since 1896. In July 1969 HART (Halt All Racist Tours) was founded by University of Auckland students with the. It was one of the ugliest incidents of the 1981 Springbok tour. It was a very unnerving night and by the time the day of the set came, well, being … The protest against the Springbok Tour was due to some believing it was immoral to allow the All Blacks to play a team that was racially selected. The Muldoon government was re-elected in the 1981 election losing three seats to leave it with a majority of one. Filter by media type All Images Videos Articles Audio Primary source Stories Websites Manuscripts Research papers Data. [5] Opposition to sending race-based teams to South Africa grew throughout the 1950s and 1960s. Outside the ground, violence erupted on an unprecedented scale. Although there were many other leading causes of the end of Apartheid in South Africa (such as the … I was a part of the South AfricanSpringbok rugby team that was selected to tour New Zealand in 1981 with the Springboks. The NZRU constitution contained much high-minded wording about promoting the image of rugby and New Zealand, and generally being a benefit to society. Apartheid is an Afrikaans word meaning apartness or separation, during the 1920s and 1930s the white South African government passed many laws to segregate their society.The sole purpose of this was to keep white people in control of politics and the … The International Olympic Committee had not banned New Zealand after the All Blacks had toured South Africa, and many African countries saw this failure as a tacit endorsement of Apartheid. But this didn’t happen, and really the protests increased. 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The police arrested about 50 of them over a period of an hour, but were concerned that they could not control the rugby crowd, who were throwing bottles and other objects at the protesters. [19] The protesters were ushered from the ground and were advised by protest marshals to remove any anti-tour insignia from their attire, with enraged rugby spectators lashing out at them. We had the most important international link that white South Africans wanted – rugby and the All Blacks, and we knew we could make a … The 1981 Springbok (South African) rugby tour was among the most divisive events in New Zealand’s history. [31] No one was injured. Commercial re-use may be allowed on request. 1809122 [21], The aftermath of the Hamilton game, followed by the bloody batoning of marchers in Wellington's Molesworth Street in the following week, in which police batoned bare-headed protesters, led to the radicalisation of the protest movement. In 1980, New Zealand again attempted to bring the Springboks to New … In spite of the bombing, the game continued. What did I learn? Springbok Tour 1981. It was believed by some that allowing this to happen would that New Zealand did not have a problem with the apartheid problems occurring in South Africa. The match went ahead with around a thousand demonstrators (including Pete Seeger) corralled 100 yards away from the field of play, which was surrounded by the police. I think it was the bravest thing I did throughout the tour. One protester huddled under a United Nations flag as pro-tour supporters’ tinnies rained upon her. A further appeal to Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall was also overruled on the grounds of free speech.[31]. One of the many social consequences of the tour … New Zealand Protests-Springbok Tour 1981: Primary Sources in New Zealand (Taken from "56 DAYS, A History of the Anti-Tour Movement In Wellington) Primary Source One 'My family are very rugby orientated; my growing up was weekends with rugby.' Read the full article. The Australian Prime Minister, Malcolm Fraser, refused permission for the Springboks' aircraft to refuel in Australia,[10] so the Springboks' flights to and from New Zealand went via Los Angeles and Hawaii.[11]. ... but nothing happened. Traditionally, most of the test matches (and all until 1987) [citation needed] against other countries happened during tours/series. 4. Without New Zealand's support, without the Springbok tours, change would happen more quickly in South Africa. Although the protests were among the most intense in New Zealand's recent history, no deaths or serious injuries resulted. And what was their view on the Springbok tour. This site is produced by the History Group of the New Zealand Ministry for Culture and Heritage. [7] Twenty-five African nations protested against this by boycotting the 1976 Summer Olympics in Montreal. New Zealand Protests-Springbok Tour 1981: ... to patch it up, but I haven't allowed that to happen." The magnitude of the protests against the 1981 Springbok tour of New Zealand had various causes, which stemmed back to apartheid in South Africa. [14], The ensuing public protests polarised New Zealand. Read more... A South African journalist was outraged when white spectators supported the New Zealand Māori rugby team playing the touring Springboks at Napier. [citation needed], At Gisborne on 22 July,[18] protesters managed to break through a fence, but quick action by spectators and ground security prevented the game being disrupted. The anti-tour movement was equally determined to show its. The controversy also extended to the United States, where the South African rugby team continued their tour after departing New Zealand. What actually happened during the 1981 springbok tour in New Zealand? Although not a major sport on a global scale, rugby had established itself not only as New Zealand’s number one sport but as a vital component in this country’s national identity. Page 2 – All Blacks versus Springboks The first team to visit South Africa were the British Lions in 1891. "Lecturer admits 1981 tour sabotage", The Press, 14 July 2001. [citation needed] After early disruptions, police began to require that all spectators assemble in sports grounds at least an hour before kick-off. The Tour was a catalyst for Nelson Mandela’s freedom and become the first democratically elected state president of his time. The 1981 Springbok tour affected South Africa immensely. Here police and protesters confront one another at Palmerson North on 1 August 1981, when South Africa played Manawatū. SCIS no. [2] Threats of riots caused city officials in Los Angeles, Chicago, New York City and Rochester to withdraw their previous authorisation for the Springboks to play in their cities. 25 African countries then chose … New Zealand As the 2011 Rugby World Cup opens up in New Zealand we publish an interesting comment by Miles Lacey on the sharp class divide that was revealed during the 1981 (South African) Springbok Tour of the country. The whole of New Zealand was divided over the tour, this division of the country lasted over fifty days. [citation needed] Some protesters were intimidated and interpreted this initial police response as overkill and heavy-handed tactics. The third and deciding rugby test at Eden Park, Auckland, is best remembered for the flares and flour bombs dropped onto the playing field. For 56 days in July, August and September 1981, New Zealanders were divided against each other in the largest civil disturbance seen since the 1951 waterfront dispute. This is where the protest against the tour began. Keeping sport and politics separate was becoming increasingly difficult. South Africa's apartheid policies and attitudes created obvious problems for New Zealand rugby, given the prominence of Māori in the sport. The springbok tour of the 1980’s was the largest civil disturbance New Zealand had seen in thirty years. In 1990, apartheid ceased in South Africa. The cause of this was the visit of the South African rugby team – the Springboks. [citation needed] However, some Maori supported the tour and attended games. Here police and protesters confront one another at Palmerson North on 1 August 1981, when South Africa played Manawatū. What information was useful and why? … [citation needed], A low-flying Cessna 172 piloted by Marx Jones and Grant Cole disrupted the final test at Eden Park, Auckland, on 12 September[18] by dropping flour-bombs on the pitch. In the 1960s and 70s, many New Zealanders had come to believe that playing sport with South Africa condoned its racist apartheid system. People did not want them in our country for many reasons for example at the time of the Tour, South Africa was practising a policy of apartheid which was supposed to be ‘separate but equal’ but was in fact incredibly unfair on the black population in South Africa. Others disagreed. [4] From the 1940s to the 1960s, the South African apartheid affected team selection for the All Blacks: the selectors passed over Māori players for some All Black tours to South Africa. Two lawyers successfully sued it, claiming such a tour would breach its constitution. [31] The long serving Mayor of Albany, Erastus Corning, maintained that there was a right of peaceful assembly to "publicly espouse an unpopular cause," despite his own stated view that "I abhor everything about apartheid". Why did it happen? 1809122. Next week marks the 35th anniversary of 1981's Springbok Tour of New Zealand. [citation needed], At Rugby Park, Hamilton (the site of today's Waikato Stadium), on 25 July,[18] about 350 protesters invaded the pitch after pulling down a fence. SCIS no. The cause of this was the visit of the South African rugby team – the Springboks. Some of the protesters, particularly young Māori, felt frustrated by the image of New Zealand as a paradise for racial unity. On the streets in Auckland outside Eden Park, on the day of the final test match, there were riots. Following police warnings of civil strife, Prime Minister Norman Kirk informed the New Zealand Rugby Football Union that the government saw ‘no alternative’ to a 'postponement' of the planned tour by the South African Springboks. Nelson Mandela recalled that when he was in his prison cell on Robin Island and heard that the game in Hamilton had been cancelled; it was as ‘if the sun had come out’. A result of the 1976 Springbok Tour was the boycott of the Montreal 1976 Summer Olympics. [24] Army engineers were deployed,[citation needed] and the remaining grounds were surrounded with razor wire and shipping container barricades to decrease the chances of another pitch invasion. There were a number of social economical and political causes that affected our small nation. [25], At Lancaster Park, Christchurch, on 15 August,[18] some protesters managed to break through a security cordon and a number invaded the pitch. The All Blacks accepted an invitation to tour South Africa in 1976, when world attention was fixed on the republic because of the Soweto riots. The springbok tour of the 1980’s was the largest civil disturbance New Zealand had seen in thirty years. Prior to the boycott of the Olympics, African Nations had demanded the International Olympic Committee (IOC) exclude New Zealand from the games, however the IOC found no justification in banning the country and therefore New Zealand athletes went ahead to compete as planned. "The tour split families; it split friends. ", Some rugby supporters echoed the separation of politics and sport. The protests gave political prisoners and South African political parties hope that the policy of Apartheid could be challenged and changed. Springbok tour protesters, 1981 (3rd of 1) The conflict within New Zealand over sporting contacts with apartheid South Africa reached a peak in the protests against the 1981 Springbok rugby tour of New Zealand. The different political parties directly influenced decisions made around the communication and organisation of sporting fixtures with South … During the Springbok Tour of 1981 there was a lot of protest and unrest about letting the Springboks play in New Zealand. Read more... For 56 days in July, August and September 1981, New Zealanders were divided against each other in the largest civil disturbance seen since the 1951 waterfront dispute. Some believed the tour was an opportunity. There were many long and short term consequences of the 1981 Springbok Tour Protests, both in New Zealand and throughout the world. In 1956 and 1965 when the South African rugby team toured New Zealand, they were showered with warmth and generosity wherever they went. In 2011, Springbok Nude Girls supported U2 on their 360 degrees tour of South Africa. A High Court injunction by Justice Casey stopped the tour. The Springbok tour was a real factor in the way New Zealand grew as a county. The 1981 Springbok Tour started on 19 July, as the Springbok rugby team arrived in the country and had their first tour game against Poverty Bay on the 22nd. At Eden Park, an emergency escape route was constructed from the visitors' changing rooms for use if the stadium was overrun by protestors. In the 1960s and 70s, many New Zealanders had come to believe that playing sport with South Africa condoned its racist apartheid system. [30] The clandestine strategy seemingly worked as around 500 spectators gathered to watch the match. The first test was on 15 August in Christchurch. Next week marks the 35th anniversary of 1981’s Springbok Tour of New Zealand. This was at a time … 1981 Springbok tour. During the 1970s public protests and political pressure forced on the New Zealand Rugby Union (NZRFU) the choice of either fielding a team not selected by race, or not touring South Africa:[5] South African rugby authorities continued to select Springbok players by race. However New Zealand's opposition to Springbok rugby encounters did have an impact on the South African policy of Apartheid. Protests against the South African rugby team touring New Zealand divided the country in 1981. Exactly 50 years on from that troubled tour the "unthinkable" happened when South Africa's first black rugby captain led the Springboks to the biggest prize in … Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand Te Ara is an excellent starting point for all questions about New Zealand Aotearoa. The 1981 Springbok Tour was a momentous time in New Zealand’s history and has been the subject of … Springbok Atlas Tours & Safaris is a leading Southern African tour operator. The Springbok Tour supporters were usually dedicated rugby fans or sports fans in general. The conflict within New Zealand over sporting contacts with apartheid South Africa reached a peak in the protests against the 1981 Springbok rugby tour of New Zealand. [3] Therefore, there was a major split in opinion in New Zealand as to whether politics should influence sport in this way and whether the Springboks should be allowed to tour. It was one of the ugliest incidents of the 1981 Springbok tour. Others disagreed. Tom Hunt reports. Discover the reasons behind this civil disobedience, as well as the demonstrations, police actions and the politics of playing sports. A leaflet issued at an anti-apartheid rally in December 1971 argued, “The demonstrations against the Springboks this year won a … The first test was on 15 August in Christchurch. Our wide range of Guided Holidays, Day Tours and limitless Tailor-made Travel options offer innovative, authentic and competitively priced experiences with service levels that exceed expectation. [14] While rugby fans filled the football grounds, protest crowds filled the surrounding streets, and on one occasion succeeded in invading the pitch and stopping the game. In 1976, the All Blacks toured South Africa with the blessing of the newly elected New Zealand Prime Minister, Robert Muldoon. "The tour split families; it split friends. If we scroll down to the bottom of the page we can see that the website belongs to the Ministry for Culture & Heritage, so the information is well-researched and reliable… The whole of New Zealand was divided over the tour, this division of the country lasted over fifty days. No violence occurred at the game but a pipe bomb was set off in the early morning outside the headquarters of the Eastern Rugby Union resulting in damage to the building estimated at $50,000. [citation needed] Muldoon's critics felt that he allowed the tour in order for his National Party to secure the votes of rural and provincial conservatives in the general election later in the year, which Muldoon won. The allegedly excessive police response to the protests also became a focus of controversy. Particularly the book Storm our of Africa! Unfortunately, contemporary newspaper accounts of the Springbok Tour from 1981 fall into a time period where newspapers are generally not even indexed for searching, let alone available in full text online — see our finding historical Wellington newspaper articles resource. All all-white team from South Africa, the team were seen by some to be the embodiment of Apartheid South Africa, and their tour of Britain and Ireland in 1969/1970 attracted huge protest. [9], By the early 1980s the pressure from other countries and from protest groups in New Zealand such as HART reached a head when the NZRU proposed a Springbok tour for 1981. The 1981 Springbok tour of New Zealand was a very significant event to New Zealand. [30], Governor Hugh Carey argued that the event should be barred as the anti-apartheid demonstrators presented an "imminent danger of riot", but a Federal court ruling allowing the game to be played was upheld in the United States Court of Appeals. Late in game, however, a small number of protestors arrived to disrupt proceedings and two were arrested after a brief altercation broke out on the field. Prime Minister Bill English admits he was “probably for it”. The final match of the tour, against the United States national team, took place in secret at Glenville in upstate New York. The tour has been said to have led to a decline in the popularity of Rugby Union in New Zealand, until the 1987 Rugby World Cup. [citation needed] A large demonstration managed to occupy the street adjacent to the ground and confront the riot police. The Springbok tour was a real factor in the way New Zealand grew as a county. RAY HARPER was a rugby administrator and national councillor on the New Zealand Rugby Union during the 1981 Springbok tour. Before we left South Africa, we had no idea of what to expect to be able to play against New Zealand in 1981. 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