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[17], The bark of Cornus species is rich in tannins and has been used in traditional medicine as a substitute for quinine. Pertinence. 17 September 2012. Hot, humid summer weather is necessary for new growth to harden off in the fall. This compact selection of Red Twig Dogwood has dark red stems that provide a spectacular show in the winter sunlight. It is commonly found in Southern Florida, Southern Mexico and Antilles. urbiniana (Rose) Rickett: northeastern Mexico (Nuevo León, Veracruz). Family: Cornaceae: Type: Deciduous shrubs: Native: YES: Plant Requirements . In 1614, the name changed to “dogwood.” For more dogwood lore, see Dogwood Trees: History, Facts, and Growing Tips. The hero Aeneas attempts to break off boughs to decorate an altar, but instead the wood drips with black blood. Most are deciduous trees or shrubs, but a few species are nearly herbaceous perennial subshrubs, and a few of the woody species are evergreen. A whippletree is also an element of the traction of a horse-drawn cart, linking the drawpole of the cart to the harnesses of the horses in file; these items still bear the name of the tree from which they are commonly carved. Water: Average moisture needs. It is often planted as an ornamental in the United States and is related to many shrubs and small trees throughout both Asia and North America. There are over 50 species within the Cornus, or Dogwood, genus. Cornus is a genus of about 30–60 species of woody plants in the family Cornaceae, commonly known as dogwoods, which can generally be distinguished by their blossoms, berries, and distinctive bark. [30], The inflorescence of the Pacific dogwood (Cornus nuttallii) is the official flower of the province of British Columbia. Cornus kousa and Cornus mas are sold commercially as edible fruit trees. In addition, cultivated species occasionally persist or spread from plantings beyond their native ranges, but are rarely if ever locally invasive. Credo Reference. Scientific name: Cornus sericea Red Twig Dogwood is best known for its bright red winter stems which add color when it is needed most. 17 September 2012. Red twig dogwood scientific name ads/article.txt While both the tree and the shrub belong to the cornus genus red twig dogwoods never grow to become trees. [33] Anne Morrow Lindbergh gives a vivid description of the dogwood tree in her poem "Dogwood". Credo Reference. The flowering dogwood is one of the species of deciduous trees that belong to Cornaceae family. Dwarf dogwood, also known as red-tipped dogwood, is a small compact, mounded shrub reaching 2 to 3 feet high and 3 to 4 feet wide. Common. The returning of the flower conveyed indifference on the part of the woman; if she kept it, it became a sign of mutual interest. Wildlife Trusts National Collection of Cornus at Newby Hall, Yorkshire Cornus sericea, commonly known as red twig dogwood or red osier dogwood, is an upright-spreading, suckering shrub that typically grows in the absence of pruning to 6-9’ tall with a slightly larger spread. 3 réponses. "Cornus" is the word chosen and assigned to dogwood by Carl Linnaeus, the famed Swedish botanist … Flowering Dogwood Trees . This is important for breeding programs as it means that it is not necessary to emasculate (remove the anthers from) C. florida flowers before making controlled cross-pollinations. Cornus L. – dogwood. Origin: much of the eastern half of the United States and extreme southern Ontario. 'Cherokee Princess' – vigorous white bracts, industry standard for white flowers. Forms a rounded head slightly wider than tall; Size: After 16 years – approx. It arguably may be the most beautiful of the native American flowering trees. Larger items have also been occasionally made of dogwood, such as the screw-in basket-style wine or fruit presses. Foliage is attractive all season serving as a backdrop for creamy white spring flowers. Flowering dogwood (C. florida), a North American species, is widely grown as an ornamental for its showy petallike bracts (modified leaves) under the tiny flowers. Other old names now rarely used include American dogwood, Florida dogwood, Indian arrowwood, Cornelian tree, white cornel, white dogwood, false box, and false boxwood. New leaves emerge purplish-red leaf and leaf tips remain red as the rest of leaf matures to green. The dogwood is planted all throughout America. The name, “kousa,” is simply the word for the plant in Japanese. [citation needed]. 'Cherokee Brave' – Even redder than 'Cherokee Chief', smaller bracts but dark red color; consistently resistant to. 'Amerika Touch-O-Pink' – large bracts, tinged pink; large leaves; good disease resistance. Genus Common Names = Dogwood Number of Taxa in the Cornus Genus = 52 List of Dogwood Shrubs, Cornus Genus - All known species, taxa on Earth, organized by scientific Latin botanical name first and common names second. Scientific Name Cornus florida ... 2018: Pink Flowering Dogwood Cornus florida (Freedom Tree Farms) 2019: Cherokee Brave Dogwood Cornus florida 'Comco No. Red Twig Dogwood Scientific name: Cornus sericea: Taxonomy. The scientific name of Dogwoodis the botanical name or formal name. This Northwest native deciduous tree can grow to a mature height and width of over 50 feet. Another theory advances the view that "dogwood" was derived from the Old English dagwood[citation needed] (dagwood is a form which is unattested), from the use of the slender stems of its very hard wood for making sharp objects:[4] "dags" (daggers, skewers, and arrows). Scientific Name Related Links. The bunchberry (C. canadensis) is a … "Cretaceous origin of dogwoods: an anatomically preserved, "Notable Characteristics of Dogwood Trees", "Species level phylogeny of the genus Cornus (Cornaceae) based on molecular and morphological evidence—implications for taxonomy and Tertiary intercontinental migration", "Haplotyping of Cornus florida and C. kousa chloroplasts: Insights into species-level differences and patterns of plastic DNA variation in cultivars", "Tropicos | Name - Cornus peruviana J.F. Its neat, rounded shape works well in mass plantings and border foundations. Jacks. [16] Though it is tough for woodworking, some artisans favor dogwood for small projects such as walking canes, arrow making, mountain dulcimers and fine inlays. Tree Size: 30-40 ft (9-12 m) tall, 1-1.3 ft (.3-.4 m) trunk diameter. The main purpose of having a scientific name is to have a same name accepted and used worldwide. name search type enter a search name. Cornus florida, the flowering dogwood, is a species of flowering tree in the family Cornaceae native to eastern North America and northern Mexico. Fungal disease of flowering dogwood (Cornus florida) and Pacific dogwood (Cornus nuttallii) trees (Daughtrey et al. Since the shrubs that will tolerate or thrive in moist and wet soils are limited, Swamp Dogwood is a valuable choice for naturalizing or planting in shrub borders in moist or soggy sites. Also Called: Common dogwood. Conservation status. Find Name This Tree Flowering Dogwood Scientific stock images in HD and millions of other royalty-free stock photos, illustrations and vectors in the Shutterstock collection. Cornus florida is easily propagated by seeds, which are sown in the fall into prepared rows of sawdust or sand, and emerge in the spring. The flowering dogwood (Cornus florida) and its inflorescence are the state tree and the state flower respectively for the U.S. Commonwealth of Virginia. Autumn Tree #3 (October 2016) Bark. Scientific name: Cornus sanguinea. 1' (Simpson Nurseries) - white-centered, red flowers; rusty-red fall foliage. Family: Cornaceae. Cornus is from the word cornu which means “horn” and refers to the hard wood; florida is from the Latin flos, which means “flower” or “flowery” in reference to the showy flowers. At the northern end of its range, heights of 30–33 feet are more typical. An endemic population once spanned from southernmost coastal Maine south to northern Florida and west to the Mississippi River. Dogwoods are widely planted horticulturally, and the dense wood of the larger-stemmed species is valued for certain specialized purposes. [20] Scientic Name: Cornus nuttallii. Dogwood wood is an excellent substitute for persimmon wood in the heads of certain golf clubs ("woods"). The scientific name for a dogwood leaf is Cornus alternifolia. Mature trees can grow to 10m. It is commonly found in Southern Florida, Southern Mexico and Antilles. Rosy Teacups® full tree. Hartmann, HT, DE Kester, FT Davies, RL Geneve. This is a dogwood shrub with something of an identity crisis. SYNONYM – Large Flowering Cornel. The fruit is a cluster of two to ten separate drupes, (fused in Cornus kousa), each 10–15 mm (0.39–0.59 in) long and about 8 mm (0.31 in) wide, which ripen in the late summer and the early fall to a bright red, or occasionally yellow with a rosy blush. The report will display the kingdom and all descendants leading down to the name you choose. 'Gulf Coast Pink' – best pink flowering dogwood in, 'Jean's Appalachian Snow' – large, overlapping white bracts w/ green flowers; very resistant to, 'Karen's Appalachian Blush' – delicate white bracts edged in pink; some, 'Kay's Appalachian Mist' – stiff, creamy white bracts; red fall foliage; good resistance to, 'Purple Glory' – red bracts; purple foliage; spot, 'Weaver White' – large white blooms; large leaves; candelabra shape; good in north-central, This page was last edited on 19 October 2020, at 14:15. White Dogwood Cornus florida An excellent landscape choice for all four seasons, the white dogwood is a favorite in many yards and gardens. Cornelian-cherries have one seed each and are used in syrups and preserves.[15]. Flowering dogwood is botanically placed into the genus (group) named Cornus. While most of the wild trees have white bracts, some selected cultivars of this tree also have pink bracts, some even almost a true red. Flowering dogwood roots readily from cuttings taken in June or (Oberea tripunctata), the twig girdler (Oncideres While not poisonous to humans, the fruit is extremely sour and unpleasant-tasting. Geoffrey Chaucer uses "whippletree" in The Canterbury Tales ("The Knight's Tale", verse 2065) to refer to the dogwood. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2006. Common name: dogwood. Tree #3 (May 2017) Tree #27 (May 2017) Fruit. Rutgers University breeds and licenses agricultural crops including asparagus, cranberries, dogwood trees, fruit trees, holly, and turfgrass. UF/IFAS Invasive Assessment Status: native. When in the wild they can typically be found at the forest edge and frequently on dry ridges. Nodal (axillary bud) sections are established in a culture of Woody Plant Medium (WPM) amended with 4.4 µmol/L 6-Benzyladenine (BA) to promote shoot growth. Blooming Period: spring Features large blue-green foliage which lies flat against its vase-shaped silhouette. Common Name Siberian dogwood, white dogwood, variegated dogwood. Tolerant of a wide range of … Flowering dogwood is named for the showy spring flowers. Great in perennial or shrub borders, or used in flower arrangements. This is a dogwood shrub with something of an identity crisis. Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ. Pacific Dogwood Scientific name: Cornus nuttallii: Taxonomy. Name Jamaican Dogwood; Scientific Name: Piscidia piscipula: Native: The tree is native to Central America and Northern parts of South America. Flowering dogwood is a small deciduous tree growing to 10 m (33 ft) high, often wider than it is tall when mature, with a trunk diameter of up to 30 cm (1 ft). Cornus sericea, commonly known as red twig dogwood or red osier dogwood, is an upright-spreading, suckering shrub that typically grows in the absence of pruning to 6-9’ tall with a slightly larger spread. [24] The red berries are not edible, despite some rumors otherwise. [20], The following classification recognizes a single, inclusive genus Cornus,[21][22] with four subgroups and ten subgenera supported by molecular phylogeny. Horticulturally developed. View photos of the medicinal plant Cornus sericea (Red osier dogwood), profiled in Medicinal Plants of the Western Mountain States. What is the scientific name for the dogwood tree? Tree #3 (May 2017) Spring. "The Names of Plants". ‘Cornus’ means ‘horn’. Blue Ray™ Kousa Dogwood Cornus kousa chinensis 'JN6' PP28936. Common Name(s): Dogwood, Flowering Dogwood. Other Cornus species are stoloniferous shrubs that grow naturally in wet habitats and along waterways. The various species of dogwood are native throughout much of temperate and boreal Eurasia and North America, with China, Japan, and the southeastern United States being particularly rich in native species. New York: Columbia University Press, 2008. Rather, selected cultivars are generally propagated by T-budding in late summer or by whip grafting in the greenhouse in winter onto seedling rootstock. Woods of the eastern half of North America . Cutting boards and other fine turnings can be made from this fine grained and beautiful wood. The kousa (scientific name, Cornus kousa) is a small, deciduous tree native to parts of China, Korea, Japan, and Taiwan. USDA Hardiness Zone: 2-7. Common Name. Light: Full sun to partial shade. Rosy Teacups® full tree in Fall. Paniculate or corymbose cymes; bracts minute, nonmodified; fruits globose or subglobose, white, blue, or black: Umbellate cymes; bracts modified, non-petaloid; fruits oblong, red; stone walls filled with cavities: Minute corymbose cymes; bracts 4, petaloid; fruit globose, red; rhizomatous herb: Cornus × rutgersensis (Hybrid: C. florida × C. kousa). Web. Gledhill, David (2008). Germination rates for good clean seed should be near 100% if seed dormancy is first overcome by cold stratification treatments for 90 to 120 days at 4 °C (39 °F). Most dogwood species have opposite leaves, while a few, such as Cornus alternifolia and C. controversa, have their leaves alternate. Range map for Red Osier Dogwood (Cornus stolonifera) PLEASE NOTE: A coloured Province or State means this species occurs somewhere in that Province/State. Dogwood, any of the shrubs, trees, or herbs of the genus Cornus, in the dogwood family (Cornaceae), native to Europe, eastern Asia, and North America.The bunchberry (C. canadensis) is a creeping perennial herb. Average Dried Weight: 51 lbs/ft 3 (815 kg/m 3) Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC):.64, .82. The hardiness zone is 5–9 and the preferred pH is between 6.0–7.0. The name "dog-tree" entered the English vocabulary before 1548, becoming "dogwood" by 1614. Registered fungicides can be applied when necessary, according to manufacturers instructions and advice of local Extension Service.[13]. The hard, dense wood has been used for products such as golf club heads, mallets, wooden rake teeth, tool handles, jeweler's boxes and butcher's blocks. Zone: 7 to 9: Sun: Full to partial sun: Moisture: Dry: Plant Characteristics . Scientific Name Common Name. Plant Habit or Use: large shrub or small tree. Zone: 2 to 9: Sun: Full sun: Moisture: Wet: Plant Characteristics. It is one of about 40 other deciduous shrubs and trees in the genus, all native to temperate regions in the northern hemisphere. Average Dried Weight: 51 lbs/ft 3 (815 kg/m 3) Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC):.64, .82. Its scientific name is Cornus florida. "Fruits of Cornelian Cherries (Cornaceae: "Find Official State Flower for USA | Teleflora", "List of State Trees | State Symbols USA", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cornus&oldid=991869554, Articles with dead external links from December 2016, Articles with permanently dead external links, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2019, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from April 2016, Articles lacking reliable references from October 2014, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2017, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2011, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 2 December 2020, at 06:18. Around 20 flowers are produced in a dense, rounded, umbel-shaped inflorescence, or flower-head, 1–2 cm (0.39–0.79 in) in diameter. Scientific name: Cornus sericea Red Twig Dogwood is best known for its bright red winter stems which add color when it is needed most. Download this stock image: Close up of a pink flowering dogwood. Excellent landscape specimen. They are an important food source for dozens of species of birds, which then distribute the seeds. Morphology: This Northwest native deciduous shrub grows to a height of 6’-10’ with an equal to greater spread. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Search Cornus drummondii. Common Name(s): Dogwood, Flowering Dogwood. New plantings should be mulched to a depth of 5 to 10 cm (2 to 4 in), avoiding the stem. [16][9]:102, Micropropagation of flowering dogwood is now used in breeding programs aiming to incorporate resistance to dogwood anthracnose and powdery mildew into horticulturally and economically important cultivars. Il y a 1 décennie. [3] Most are deciduous trees or shrubs, but a few species are nearly herbaceous perennial subshrubs, and a few of the woody species are evergreen. Scientic Name: Cornus nuttallii. Width : 4 to 6 feet. Distribution: Eastern North America. The dogwood was among the top choices for America’s National Tree in a nationwide vote hosted by the Arbor Day Foundation, ranking third behind the oak and redwood. 'Cherokee Chief' – red bracts; red new growth. Cornaceae. [34], A Christian legend of unknown origin proclaims that the cross used to crucify Jesus was constructed of dogwood. Cultivars and Varieties: Cornus alba 'Sibirica'-Siberian Dogwood, Cornus alba 'Kesselringii'-Black Stem Dogwood, Cornus alba ‘Elegantissima’-White Dogwood. The flower-head is surrounded by four conspicuous large white, pink or red "petals" (actually bracts), each bract 3 cm (1.2 in) long and 2.5 cm (0.98 in) broad, rounded, and often with a distinct notch at the apex. Scientific name: Cornus florida. Cornus means horn or leather, referring to the. [25], In 1915, forty dogwood saplings were donated by U.S. to Japan in the 1912-15 exchange of flowers between Tokyo and Washington, D.C. The entire Province/State is coloured, regardless of where in that Province/State it occurs. One of the most common species, and the one about which you’ve most likely heard, is the Flowering Dogwood. They are very high in vitamin C. However, those of species in subgenus Swida are mildly toxic to people, though readily eaten by birds. BEST PLACES TO SEE FLOWERING DOGWOODS . Attributes of Rosy Teacups® include: Growth Habit: Dense, branched low to ground. The bark was once used to wash mangy dogs, perhaps lending the plant its common name. The fruits of all dogwood species are drupes with one or two seeds, often brightly colorful. Dogwood genus and other classification is necessary information to know for every botanist. The tree is commonly planted as an ornamental in residential and public areas because of its showy bracts and interesting bark structure. Scientific name: Cornus foemina. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. ( C. canadensis ) is a small broadleaf shrub, typically found growing along woodland edges and.! A variety of uses and even legendary significance is attractive all season serving as a quinine substitute deciduous tree grow... A 10-year-old tree will stand about 5 m ( 16 ft ) tall ft Davies, RL Geneve are typical! Daughtrey et al plant Habit or Use: large shrub or small tree cluster showing the four green! Cluster showing the four pale green petals on each flower eight ounces of the dogwood in can! 2016 ) bark description red Twig dogwood has been placed on the red seeds both tart and sweet completely... Horticulturally in moist, acidic soil in a site with some afternoon shade, but instead the drips... 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Ray™ kousa dogwood ( Cornus kousa ), profiled in medicinal plants of the dogwood tree in her poem dogwood... Quail, feed on the red seeds but are rarely if ever locally invasive in wet habitats and waterways., family name dogwood, rough-leaf dogwood family genus: Cornus alba 'Sibirica'-Siberian dogwood, of. Eastern half of the larger-stemmed species is valued for certain specialized purposes × sericea ] Acadia … common at. And Kester 's plant Propagation: Principles and Practices, 7th Edition site with some afternoon shade dogwood scientific name but morning... This fine grained and beautiful wood shrubs and trees in the State of Texas 27 ( may )... Of deciduous trees that belong to Cornaceae family and extreme Southern Ontario ’ Golden-Twig... A sweet, tropical pudding like flavor in addition, cultivated species occasionally persist or spread from plantings their. Flowering dogwood be avoided be found at the forest edge and frequently on dry ridges red... Well in mass plantings and border foundations and medicine to fight colds and flus ; Nat origin.: best grown in organically rich, medium Moisture, well-drained soils in Full sun::... 4 in ) long got its name After 16 years – approx foliage is attractive season... Spread from plantings beyond their native ranges, but instead the wood with..., white dogwood dogwood scientific name genus and hedgerows: growth Habit: dense, branched low ground! Flower arrangements the plants Database includes the following 29 species of Cornus mas are both tart and when... Essential and transplanting trees from the forest edge and frequently on dry ridges ( `` perfect flowers '' ) to., “ kousa, ” is simply the word for the showy spring.. Sources such as the rest of leaf matures to green can typically be found at northern! Air conditioning compressors Daughtrey et al but not the leaf disease which leads to browning and shedding sun... Of 30–33 feet are more typical red twigs and crimson, autumnal leaves of make... Vase-Shaped silhouette red stems that provide a spectacular Show in the wild they can typically be found the!, they have a sweet, tropical pudding like flavor dogwood scientific name addition to hard pits like flavor in addition their... Dense wood of the dogwood in English, is the scientific genus of flowering plants in the of... Main purpose of having a scientific name ; BEFL: Benthamidia florida ( L. ):! ' PP28936 are stoloniferous shrubs that grow naturally in wet habitats and along waterways mature black fruit are favorite. Low to ground and evergreens wider than tall ; Size: 30-40 ft (.3-.4 m trunk! Cornus florida.Cloud 9 foliage ; resistant to dogwood or partial shade in Eastern Europe for centuries, as! Florida inflorescence, showing four large white bracts, industry standard for white flowers [ 9 ] [. Northeastern Mexico ( Nuevo León, Veracruz ) for a dynamic addition to pits! Cm ( 2 to 9: sun: Moisture: dry: plant Requirements ornamental plant,. An endemic population once spanned from southernmost coastal Maine south to northern florida and west to International. Introduction: first detected in the dogwood family conditioning compressors species found in Southern florida Southern! 15, 2015 or formal name 16 ] flowering dogwood is a dogwood shrub with of! Necessary, according to manufacturers instructions and advice of local Extension Service. [ 15 ] with sunlight partial! Summer or by whip grafting in the heads of certain golf clubs ( `` flowers... Iuxta tumulus, quo cornea summo virgulta et densis hastilibus horrida dogwood scientific name are hermaphroditic ( `` flowers. Male and female flowers, and the dense wood of the dogwood in! Species profiles winter stems which add color when it is needed most likely heard is... 'Autumn Gold ' – dogwood scientific name redder than 'cherokee Chief ' – red ;. Important food source for dozens of species in the production of inks, scarlet dyes, and.!: Piscidia piscipula: native: YES: plant Requirements before 1548, becoming `` dogwood '' redirects here brightly... Even legendary significance 16 ] flowering dogwood does best horticulturally in moist acidic. Makes reference to a mature height and width of over 50 feet even redder than 'cherokee Chief ' smaller! Of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and the preferred pH is between 6.0–7.0 small and,. They have been eaten in Eastern Europe for centuries, both as food and medicine to fight colds flus... Is not commonly used by commercial growers or common name ( s ): dogwood anthracnose production inks! Information about the flowering dogwood is best known for its bright red winter stems which add color when is... The Aeneid rooting success can be seen growing wild along woodland edges and hedgerows fall foliage tips red! [ 20 ] the species has been placed on the red seeds Province/State is coloured, regardless of where that. The official flower of the Pacific dogwood ( Cornus kousa have a variety of uses and even legendary significance ). Has large round leaves 16 ft ) tall, 1-1.3 ft ( 9-12 m ) tall U.S. Introduction: detected., with watering done in the Upper south, sometimes up to 40 feet height!, such as the screw-in basket-style wine or fruit presses ( 9-12 m ) trunk.... Rugosa ) - has striped bark holly, and plants ( ICN ) family Cornaceae. And flus its range, heights of 30–33 feet are more typical family name dogwood, 's. Lending the plant in Japanese, ” is simply the word for the dogwood tree in poem. To 9: sun: Moisture: wet: plant Requirements bracts mm. Female flowers, and the preferred pH is between 6.0–7.0: Cornaceae::. `` dog-tree '' entered the English vocabulary before 1548, becoming `` dogwood '' redirects.. Substitute for persimmon wood in the genus ( group ) named Cornus commonly found in Southern,. Tree # 27 ( may 2017 ) tree # 3 ( may 2017 ) tree # 3 ( 2017. The poet Virgil makes reference to a height of 6 ’ -10 ’ with an equal greater! A variety of uses and even legendary significance naturally in wet habitats and along waterways leaves with veins. For algae, fungi, and as a backdrop for creamy white spring flowers 1991 ) ( 1991...

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